A Guide to Good Maize Agriculture

Maize is an important food crop, and is the most widely used cereal crop, especially in African countries, and has been widely used by sub-Saharan countries. It is home to an estimated 50% of the home’s food.
uses maize in various ways (porridge, porridge and alcohol). And corn to roast.
Every part of the maize plant is economically valuable: grains, leaves, stems and stems can produce large amounts of other edible and non-edible products.
Maize is also an important animal feed (cow) and is stored as silage. Also residues of plants and grains are used in factories to produce carbohydrates and fats.

This plant requires a daily temperature of 20º to be healthy. The highest temperature for a good crop is about 30 ° C.
Maize thrives in various parts of the country from 0-3000 m from sea level depending on the type of seed and the climate of the area.
Maize is most susceptible to lack of moisture during flowering and fruit. They also require sufficient water during planting. In tropical countries, maize performs well at 600 to 900 mm of rainfall during the growing season.
Maize can be grown in many types of soil but it grows best in sandy or soft soil that does not transfer water, which is well-ventilated and fertile and nutrients sufficient. They also thrive in acidic soil of pH 6-6.5.
It should also be noted that maize is one of the most commonly affected by salinity in water and soil.

The maize field needs to be prepared very early in the beginning of the rainy season or even before the rain starts.
The field can be arranged in different types depending on the location and type of soil. The field can be plowed by tractor or by hand plow to a depth of not less than 15 cm to allow the roots to penetrate well and the soil retain water. If the field is in place to move water the ridges should be well prepared in the field. Fire should not be used when preparing a field.
Similarly if the field has a soil erosion origin, then it is advisable to take the soil and soil conservation by placing the mulch on the field.

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